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Continúa situación de emergencia en Hungría, se teme otro colapso de reservorios de lodos tóxicos

12 Octubre 2010 , Escrito por El polvorín Etiquetado en #Politica

 
Hungarian factory sorry for those killed by sludge
Los ríos Marcal  y Tolna están totalmente contaminados – la fauna y flora han desaparecido
 

 

 

Situación de esta mañana (11-10-2010)

- Persiste el peligro del llamado “barro rojo”, los residuos minerales tóxicos y caústicos del proceso de obtención de aluminio

- Este fin de semana, los habitantes de Kolentar fueron evacuados debido a las grietas en la pared del reservorio de lodos tóxicos

- Es un hecho que tarde o temprano, el reservorio de lodos tóxicos colapsará, aseguró el Secretario del Ambiente, Illes Zoltan.

- Se está construyendo un dique para proteger las casas de la aldea Kolentar, cercana al complejo industrial siniestrado de Ajka. Hasta ahora, en tres días, se han construido 600 metros del dique con un ancho de 25 a 30 m. en la  parte inferior y 10 m. en la superior,

- Hace 4 días, las autoridades habían asegurado que no había peligro. Ayer, se reconoció el peligro de la inhalación de polvo de barro rojo, ahora es obligatorio en los sitios inundados, estar equipado con una máscara y gafas de protección debido a la concentración de polvo altamente tóxico,

- El lodo rojo es muy peligroso porque contiene elementos radiactivos, plomo y puede causar enfermedades pulmonares y cáncer,

  

 

 

- Además de Kolentar, los municipios de Devecser  y Somlovasarhegy también fueron parcialmente inundados.

  

A Hungarian firefighter wearing protective mask and clothing stands guard at the red sludge reservoir, where a rupture caused deadly sludge flood in Kolontar, Hungary, Sunday, Oct. 10, 2010. The population of Kolontar was evacuated Saturday, and the neighboring town of Devecser with a population of 5,300 is also in the likely path of a new sludge deluge. – AP Photo www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-lib...

  

  

En Devecser, las máscaras protectoras son obligatorias. En Somlovasarhegy, la mayoría de campos de cultivo estan cubiertos de barro rojo tóxico.

- Hoy llegan cinco expertos europeos, entre ellos uno francés y uno belga

- Los ríos Marcal  y Tolna están totalmente contaminado – la fauna y flora han desaparecido

- La contaminación del Danubio: trazas tóxicas han sido descubiertas en el río Danubio en Rumania. Las autoridades reclaman una indemnización a Hungría

- Numerosas iniciativas de solidaridad: sábado, operación de Auchan y de la Cruz Roja Húngara en Budaörs. Han aportado donaciones en especies, una gran cantidad de agua mineral y máscaras de protección,

- Demjan Sandor, de Hungría, ha ofrecido 10 millones de HUF para ayudar a las víctimas y pidió a la participación de las empresas,

- La Fundación Soros ha proporcionado 1 millón de dólares, unos196 millones de HUF,  a los siniestrados

 

Hungarian factory sorry for those killed by sludge

 
 
A Hungarian firefighter wearing protective mask and clothing stands guard at the red sludge reservoir, where a rupture caused deadly sludge flood in Kolontar, Hungary, Sunday, Oct. 10, 2010. The population of Kolontar was evacuated Saturday, and the neighboring town of Devecser with a population of 5,300 is also in the likely path of a new sludge deluge. – AP Photo
 

KOLONTAR: The owners of the metals plant whose reservoir burst, flooding several towns in western Hungary with caustic red sludge, have expressed their condolences to the families of the seven people killed, as well as to those injured – and said they were sorry for not having done so sooner.

MAL Rt., which owns the alumina plant in Ajka, also said Sunday it was willing to pay compensation “in proportion to its responsibility” for the damage caused by the deluge.

But the trouble may not be over.

With the northwest corner of the storage pool still showing a hole 50 meters (yards) wide where the mix of mud and water broke through last week, officials said the collapse of at least one of the breached walls was inevitable. That, they said, would probably unleash a new deluge of toxic matter that could ooze a half-mile (1 kilometer) to the north, wreaking further havoc.

That would flood parts of the town nearest the plant – one of those already hit by the industrial waste Oct. 4 – but stop short of the next town to the north.

Environmental State Secretary Zoltan Illes said that recently discovered cracks on the northern wall of the reservoir at the alumina plant have temporarily stopped widening because of favorable weather conditions but will continue to expand, especially at night.

Disaster agency spokesman Tibor Dobson said engineers didn’t detect any new cracks overnight Saturday, and the older cracks were being repaired, but it was too soon to consider lowering the state of alert.

Protective walls were being built around the reservoir’s damaged area to hold back further spills. And a 2,000-foot- (620-meter-) long dam that will be between 4 and 5 meters (yards) high was under construction to save the areas of the town of Kolontar not directly hit by last week’s toxic flood.

“I would describe the situation as hopeful, but nothing has really changed,” Dobson told The Associated Press. “The wall to protect Kolontar is planned to be finished by tonight, but it will likely be several days before residents may be able to move back.”

Nearly all of Kolontar’s 800 residents were evacuated Saturday, when Prime Minister Viktor Orban said the north wall of the massive storage pool – which is 24.7 acres (10 hectares) in size – was “very likely” to collapse because cracks that had appeared at several points.

The roughly 6,000 residents of neighboring Devecser, just north of Kolontar, were told by police Saturday to pack a single bag and get ready to leave at a moment’s notice.

“This hasn’t changed,” Dobson said. “We are still on guard in case of any more spills.”

Illes said that, since it would be impossible to transfer the 2.5 million cubic meters (568 million gallons) of red sludge still in the damaged reservoir anywhere else, he had set a 2-month deadline for closing up the huge opening.

“The hole is 50 meters (yards) wide and 23 meters high,” Illes said. “The job, including pouring enough concrete to raise three 10-story buildings, will have to be done from the air. This is unprecedented.”

Red sludge is a byproduct of the refining of bauxite into alumina, the basic material for manufacturing aluminum. Treated sludge is often stored in ponds where the water eventually evaporates, leaving behind a largely safe red clay. Industry experts say the sludge in Hungary appears to have been treated insufficiently, if at all, meaning it remained highly caustic.

Illes, commenting to reporters during a tour of the affected villages and the damaged reservoir, confirmed that the red sludge stored in Hungarian reservoirs had not been treated to reduce its alkalinity.

A five-member European civil protection team will start work in Hungary, helping to assess and advise on the impact of the sludge on the environment, in particular on agricultural land, surface and underground water supplies, and the flora and fauna. The team will also anticipate risks and suggest solutions about how to restore nature as well as the agricultural and urban land affected. 

“The quick selection of this team ... clearly shows that European solidarity is working,” Kristalina Georgieva, the EU crisis response commissioner, said Sunday.

Last week, the sludge flooded three villages in less than an hour, burning people and animals. At least seven people were killed and at least 120 were injured. Several of those who were hospitalized were in serious condition. Around 184 million gallons (700,000 cubic meters) of the caustic red sludge was released.

The sludge devastated creeks and rivers near the spill site and entered the Danube River on Thursday, moving downstream toward Croatia, Serbia and Romania. But the volume of water in the Danube appeared to be blunting the sludge’s immediate impact.

Illes said that neutralizing chemicals poured into primary and secondary tributaries of the Danube, as well as efforts to remove as much red sludge as possible from the waterways, was able to prevent ecological damage to Europe's second-longest river.

In Romania, local authorities were testing the water Sunday every four hours in the village of Bazias where the Danube enters Romania from Serbia, and will continue to carry out tests all this week, said Adrian Draghici, director of Romanian water for Mehedinti county.

Romanian fishermen sailed out into the Danube and villagers fished on the banks of the river for pike, which is plentiful in the Danube. They seemed unperturbed by any potential hazards.

But local authorities warned residents about letting animals drink from the Danube and urged them to be careful about fishing.

MAL Rt., the company that owns the factory, is under investigation. Hungarian police have seized company documents, and the National Investigation Office is looking into whether on-the-job carelessness was a factor in the disaster.

State Secretary Illes said the fines accumulated so far by MAL because of the damage caused to waterways and the pollution spread by the flood totaled at least 19.2 billion forints ($97.3 million). — AP


 

Esztergom, le 11 octobre 2010
1 – Actualités de la semaine dernière
Catastrophe écologique en Hongrie : 7 morts
Un réservoir de boue rouge d’aluminium a cédé lundi 4 octobre dans la zone industrielle d’Ajka, ville située à 160 km à l’ouest de Budapest dans le département de Veszprém, au nord du lac Balaton. Plus d’un million de tonnes de boue rouge s’est déversée en contre-bas du réservoir atteignant trois villages. Un grand nombre d’infrastructures, d’habitations et de champs agricoles a été complètement détruit. A ce jour, 7 personnes sont mortes et on compte plus de 100 blessés. Beaucoup d’animaux domestiques et d’élevage ont été tués. 250 habitants du village de Kolontar ont été évacués en fin de semaine, une seconde partie du réservoir menaçant de rompre.
La boue, contenant des éléments toxiques et des résidus corrosifs, pouvant provoquer des maladies pulmonaires et cancérigènes, est particulièrement dangereuse. Par ailleurs, une fois séchée, la poussière de cette boue toxique peut contaminer d’autres régions car elle sera emportée par le vent.
Tous les poissons de la rivière Martal, dans laquelle la boues s’est déversée sont morts. L’écosytème a été dévasté au niveau de la flore. L’eau polluée, à travers plusieurs rivières, a atteint le Danube. Des prélèvements sont assurés régulièrement pour analyser l’eau. Les autorités de Croatie, Serbie, Roumanie et Bulgarie procèdent aussi à des analyses.
Les autorités hongroises se sont voulues rassurantes mais ont demandé une aide technique à l’Union européenne. Aujourd’hui, lundi 11 ocotbre, arrivée de 5 experts européens dont un belge et un français.
Le premier ministre, Orban Viktor, a déclaré que la partie du village de Kolontar inondée ne sera pas reconstruite. Il a indiqué qu’un nouveau quartier sera construit où seront logés les sinistrés. Orban Viktor a demandé que la police établisse les responsabilités sur les causes de l’accident. Il y a quelques semaines, une commission de sécurité avait procédé au contrôle du site industriel et n’avait rien. Un grand élan de solidarité envers les sinistrés s’est déclenché. Même chose parmi les entreprises parmi lesquelles Auchan.
- Film sur la catastrophe :
Situation ce matin
Boues rouges : le danger persiste
- Ce week-end, les habitants du village de Kolentar ont été évacués à cause de fissures sur la paroi du réservoir,
- Il est certain, que tôt ou tard, le réservoir cédera, propos du secrétaire d’Etat à l’Environnement, Illés Zoltan. Il reste 2,5 tonnes m3 de boues rouges dans ledit réservoir.
- Une digue est en cours de construction pour protéger les habitations de Kolentar, village le plus proche du site industriel situé à Ajka. Jusqu’à présent, en 3 jours, 600 mètres ont été construits d’une largeur de 25-30 m. en bas et de 10 m. en haut,
- Il y a 4 jours, les autorités avaient assuré qu’il n’y avait pas de danger. Hier, elles ont reconnu le danger d’inhaler la poussière de boue rouge aussi est-il obligatoire, sur les sites inondés, d’être muni d’un masque de protection et de lunettes en raison d’une concentration de poussières fortement toxiques,
- La boue rouge est très dangereuse car elle contient notamment des éléments radioactifs et du plomb pouvant provoquer des maladies pulmonaires et le cancer,
- Outre Kolentar, les communes de Devecser et de Somlovasarhegy ont été également inondées en partie. A Devecser, les masques de protection sont obligatoires. A Somlovasarhegy, ce sont surtout des champs agricoles qui ont été recouverts de boues.
- Aujourd’hui, arrivée de 5 experts européens dont un français et un belge,
- Les rivières Marcal et Tolna complètement polluées – faune et flore ont disparu,
- Le Danube pollué : des traces toxiques ont été découvertes dans le fleuve en Roumanie. Les autorités réclament une indemnité à la Hongrie,
- Nombreuses initiatives de solidarité : samedi dernier, opération d’Auchan avec la Croix Rouge Hongroise dans le magasin de Budaörs. Les clients ont amené des dons en nature qu’Auchan a remis à la Croix Rouge avec un lot d’eau minérale et de masques de protection,
- Demjan Sandor, 1ère fortune de Hongrie, a offert 10 M HUF en faveur des sinistrés et demandé le concours des entreprises,
La fondation Soros a offert 1 M US $, soit 196 M HUF, aux sinistrés
Red Dread: Toxic sludge spill swallows towns, kills 4 in Hungary
www.youtube.com
Hungary has declared a state of emergency in three regions after deadly toxic sludge flooded two villages on Monday, killing four people. It happened when a waste reservoir at an aluminum plant burst. Around 120 people were taken to hospital suffering from chemical burns. Emergency services say the ...

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