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Lodos de desecho tóxicos de mineral de alúmina alcanzaron el río Danubio en Hungría

7 Octubre 2010 , Escrito por El polvorín Etiquetado en #Politica

 

Catastrophic: As Hungarian soldiers attempt to clean up the toxic mud there are fears the environmental catastrophe could affect half a dozen nations

  

Hungary's toxic sludge reaches Danube river as PM writes off worst-hit village

150 personas hospitalizadas como consecuencia del colapso del dique de relaves minerales venenosos, 11 en estado grave.

La avalancha roja de mineral de alúmina, altamente cáustica, sigue amenazando a todo el ecosistema que rodea el río más largo de Europa.

Diez países europeos en la ruta de las sustancias mortales.

  

El vertido de lodos tóxicos ha sido considerado como uno de los tres peores desastres ambientales en Europa en los últimos 30 años

 

The toxic red sludge that inundated three Hungarian villages reached Europe's mighty Danube River on Thursday

 

Remedio peor que la enfermedad: Para neutralizar las sustancias corrosivas alcalinas del vertido, se está dispersando ácidos, que hacen temer por todas las formas de vida silvestre y por millones de peces.                                                 

   Worrying: The toxic red sludge that inundated three Hungarian villages reached Europe's mighty Danube River on Thursday

 

El alud generado tras la rotura del dique ha matado a seis personas, dejó más de 100 personas con quemaduras químicas y devastó varias aldeas después del vertido de un depósito de mineral de alúmina el martes 5

 

Los pobladores que se han visto afectados por el derrame han exigido una indemnización de la empresa encargada de la planta

El primer ministro de Hungría, Viktor Orban, visitó una de las tres aldeas inundadas y presenció la devastación.

Alejése: El vertido de lodos tóxicos ha sido considerado como uno de los tres peores desastres ambientales en Europa en los últimos 30 años

 

Cancelación: El primer ministro Viktor Orban dijo que no tiene "ningún sentido" la reparación de casas en el pueblo de Kolontar. Funcionarios locales dijeron que 34 casas en Kolontar de un total de 800 estan tan dañadas por los relaves cáusticos que deben ser demolidas. Funcionarios locales dijeron que 34 casas en Kolontar, de unas 800, estaban tan dañadas por la mezcla cáustica que no pueden recuperarse.

 

"Es una catástrofe ecológica grave, aún no sabemos el tamaño de la misma, dijo el portavoz de los servicios de emergencia.

 

Limpieza: Hay temores de que podría tomar años deshacerse de os lodos tóxicos

Preocupación: El lodo rojo sigue amenazando todo el ecosistema que rodea el río más largo de Europa

El portavoz de la Agencia de Rescate de Hungría, Tibor Dobson dijo a la agencia estatal de noticias MTI el jueves que el pH de los lodos, que inicialmente fue de un pavoroso 13, bajó a 10 y no se ha detectado aún peces muertos donde los lodos alcanzan el Danubio.

 

La Dirección Nacional de Gestión de Desastres, en un comunicado, dijo que el valor de pH fue de 9,3 y estuvo disminuyendo constantemente.

Los niveles normales de pH del agua en los ríos van de 6,5 a 8,5.

En Rumania, los niveles de pH en el agua están seguros, según las pruebas que se llevan a cabo cada tres horas.

 

La portavoz de Aguas de Rumania, Ana María Tanase dijo que el agua del Danubio tenía un pH de 8,5, que estaba dentro de los niveles normales, pero las pruebas se están realizando para comprobar si hay metales pesados.

 

Los pobladores que se han visto afectados por el derrame exigen una indemnización de la empresa culpable del enorme desastre. Furiosos residentes se acercaron a un funcionario de MAL Rt., la empresa propietaria de la planta Ajka, en una reciente reunión en Kolontar,  llamando a la acción.

 

"Todo quedó enterrados y debe ser terraplenado con bulldozers en el suelo," dijo el residente Janos Potza. "No tiene sentido para nadie volver a casa."

Otra residente local, Beata Gasko Monek agregó: "Los que pueden, se irá de Kolontar. A partir de ahora, este es un pueblo muerto”.

 

Greenpeace ha calificado el vertido como uno de los tres peores desastres ambientales en Europa en los últimos 20 o 30 años.

 

La Comisión Internacional para la Protección del Danubio, que administra el río y sus afluentes, dijo que el derrame de lodo podría provocar efectos perjudiciales a largo plazo tanto para la vida silvestre como para los seres humanos: "Es un accidente muy grave y tiene implicaciones potenciales para otros países", dijo Philip Weller, secretario ejecutivo del grupo.

 

 

Añadió que fábricas y ciudades a lo largo del Danubio pueden tener que verse obligadas a apagar sus sistemas de toma de agua. Los grandes peces en el río podría ingerir los metales pesados llevados río abajo, lo que podría poner en peligro a las personas que los consumen.”

El peligroso lodo rojo es un subproducto de la refinación de la bauxita en alúmina, la materia prima para la fabricación de aluminio. Los lodos “tratados” a menudo se almacenan en estanques, donde el agua se evapora, dejando como residuo un suelo rojo arcilloso.

 
 
 

Hungary's toxic sludge reaches Danube river as PM writes off worst-hit village

By Richard James
Last updated at 1:49 PM on 7th October 2010

  • 150 people in hospital as a result of the spill with 11 in a serious condition

The toxic sludge which has wreaked havoc in Hungary has now reached the Danube river, officials confirmed today.

The highly caustic red river is continuing to threaten the entire ecosystem surrounding the longest river in the EU, which runs through ten European countries.

The spill, which emanated from a broken dam, has reached a western tributary of the river just six miles from the main branch, an emergency services spokesman confirmed.

The slurry has killed six people, left more than 100 people with chemical burns and devastated villages after pouring out of an aluminium plant reservoir earlier this week.

Catastrophic: As Hungarian soldiers attempt to clean up the toxic mud there are fears the environmental catastrophe could affect half a dozen nations

Catastrophic: As Hungarian soldiers attempt to clean up the toxic mud there are fears the environmental disaster could affect half a dozen nations now it has reached the Danube

Compensation: Villagers who have been affected by the spill have demanded compensation from the company in charge of the plant

Blame game: Villagers who have been affected by the spill have demanded compensation from the company in charge of the plant

 Clay is being poured into the river in huge amounts in an attempt to neutralise the acid, which threatens to kill fish in their millions and devastate wildlife.

Earlier today Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor Orban visited one of the three villages inundated by the sludge and declared the area a write-off.

Mr Orban said there was 'no sense' in renovating houses made uninhabitable by the torrent.

The toxic sludge spill has described the spill as one of the three worst environmental disasters in Europe in the last 30 years

Stay Away: The toxic sludge spill has described as one of the three worst environmental disasters in Europe in the last 30 years

Disaster: The sludge spill in Hungary has now reached the Danube river, government officials confirmed

Disaster: The sludge spill in Hungary has now reached the Danube river, government officials confirmed

Write-off: The country's Prime Minister Viktor Orban said he saw 'no sense' in renovating home in the village of Kolontar

Write-off: The country's Prime Minister Viktor Orban said he saw 'no sense' in renovating home in the village of Kolontar

Destroyed: Local officials said 34 houses in Kolontar of about 800 were so badly damaged by the caustic slurry that they cannot be refurbished

Destroyed: Local officials said 34 houses in Kolontar of about 800 were so badly damaged by the caustic slurry that they cannot be refurbished

'It's a serious ecological catastrophe, but we don't know the size of it,' said the emergency services spokesman.

'But it's serious, big and because of the rivers it has some effect tens of kilometres from here as well.'

Local officials said 34 houses in Kolontar of about 800 were so badly damaged by the caustic slurry that they cannot be refurbished.

 

Civil Protection Service workers clean sludge-covered streets in Kolontar

 

 
A man looks through a hole in the hedge of his family house in Kolontar

Clean up: There are fears it could take years to get rid of all the toxic sludge

 

The red sludge is continuing to threaten the entire ecosystem surrounding the longest river in the EU

Concern: The red sludge is continuing to threaten the entire ecosystem surrounding the longest river in the EU

Hungarian rescue agency spokesman Tibor Dobson told the state MTI news agency on Thursday that the pH content of the sludge, which officials earlier said was at 13, was now under 10 and no dead fish had been spotted where the slurry was entering the Danube.

The National Disaster Management Directorate, in a separate statement, said the pH value was at 9.3 and constantly decreasing.

Normal pH levels for surface water range from 6.5 to 8.5.

In Romania, water levels were reported as safe today, with testing being carried out every three hours.

Romanian Waters spokeswoman Ana Maria Tanase said the Danube water had a pH of 8.5, which was within normal levels, but tests were being done to check for heavy metals.

Kolotar Hungary Locate


Villagers who have been affected by the spill earlier demanded compensation from the company blamed for the enormous disaster.

Angry residents approached an official from MAL Rt., the company which owns the Ajka plant, at a recent meeting in Kolontar calling for action.

'The whole settlement should be bulldozed into the ground,' said resident Janos Potza. 'There's no point for anyone to go back home.'

Another local Beata Gasko Monek added: 'Those who can, will move out of Kolontar. From now on, this is a dead town.'

Greenpeace has described the spill as one of the three worst environmental disasters in Europe in the last 20 or 30 years.

The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube, which manages the river and its tributaries, said the sludge spill could trigger long-term damaging effects for both wildlife and humans.

'It is a very serious accident and has potential implications for other countries,' Philip Weller, the group's executive secretary, said.

He added factories and towns along the Danube may have to shut down their water intake systems while large fish in the river could ingest any heavy metals carried downstream, potentially endangering people who eat them.

Red sludge is a byproduct of the refining of bauxite into alumina, the basic material for manufacturing aluminum. Treated sludge is often stored in ponds where the water eventually evaporates, leaving behind a dried red clay-like soil.

 
 


Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1318460/Hungarys-toxic-sludge-reaches-Danube-river-PM-writes-worst-hit-village.html#ixzz11gg5jjIp
 

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